Who's Who of Russian History and Current Events
A - E

Alphabetical Contents:
A-EA B C D E
F-JF G H I J
K-OK L M N O
P-TP Q R S T
U-ZU V W X Y Z

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NameEraCommentsSources
AReferences
Abakumov, Viktor Semyonovich (1894 - 18/12/1954).Soviet.See separate entry

Abarimov, Vladimir.Post Soviet.Russian journalist researching Soviet Era events.DE 11,#2, 1992, p41 in KNI96:212, 294n.

Abbasov, Namik.Post SovietHead of Azerbaizhan's Ministry of National Security since March 1995.
Supports close ties with Russian security.
KNI96:158,159

Abel, Rudolph Ivanovich (Real name William Fischer).SovietBorn 11 July 1903, died 15 November 1971.
A KGB spy arrested by the FBI and exchanged for the U-2 spy Gary Powers, who had been caught and imprisoned by the soviets.
KNI96:68, and web pages: 1 2
Rudolph Abel Links
Spymaster Rudolph Abel A comprehensive biography.
The Hollow Nickel Case A depiction of the Rudolph Abel episode with the flavour of a detective story. Nicely done!

Abramovich, RomanOligarch.See separate entry

Achalov, Vladislav (Colonel General).Post SovietOne of the 'hardliners' during the fall of the Soviet Union and in the early years of the Yeltsin government.
Minister of Defense under Rutskoi's 1993 Ministry, formed after Rutskoi declared Yeltsin's dissolution of Parliament in 21st September 1993 null and void.
Appealed unsuccessfully for armed troops to come to Moscow in the 1993 coup.
Right winger.
KNI96:74,76.

Afanse'ev, Yuri (Afanseyev, Afanasiev).Transitional
Sov/Post Soviet
A historian, Afanseyev was the leader of the democratic movement prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union.
He was also rector of the Institute of History and Archives in Moscow at that time.1
He observed that Russian public consciousness has not come to terms with the irreversible end of the Soviet Union.2
Member of the Commission on the Transfer of the CPSU and KGB Archives to State Use (1991).3
1KAL94:329.
2 KNI96:191
3KNI96:199

Ageyev, Geni.Transitional
Sov/Post Soviet.
Deputy Chairman of the KGB.
One of the members of the KGB Collegium arrested over August 1991 coup attempt.
His arrest did not occur until late September.
KNI96:30,259n.

Agranov, Yakov Savlovich (?-1939).Soviet.Deputy People's Commissar of Internal Affairs under Yagoda and Yezhov.
Important role in organisation of Show Trials 1936-1938.
Shot in purges.
SOL74:621.

Akayev, Askar.Transitional (1990s)Kyrgyz liberal reformer under communism, proponent of strong executive in post-soviet era.
Head of the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, elected President of Kyrgystan by Supreme Soviet in October 1990.
The Kyrgystan Communist Party attempted to oust Akayev at the time of the August 1991 coup in Moscow, after which Akayev resigned from the KCP.
Polled 95% of the vote as the only candidate in 12th October 1991 Presidential election.
Strong supporter of Boris Yeltsin in 1993 Russian political crisis.
Defeated Medetken Sherimkulov decisively in December 1995 Presidential election.1
Involved in political control of the press in the late 1990s.2
1SBS96:384-385.
2KNI96:186.
See also KNI96:160, 161.

Aksakov, Sergei Timofeyevich (1791-1859)Tsarism
Author
See separate entry

Aksyuchits, Viktor.Post Soviet.(Former?) leader of the Russian Christian Democratic Movement.
Has accused Demrossiya of being a leader-dominated body seeking to become a 'super-party'.
SAK96.

Anders, Wladyslaw (1892-1970).Soviet.Polish General.
Formed Polish military units in USSR.
Led troops in Iran 1943.
SOL74:621.

Andreyushkin, Pakhomi Ivanovich (1871-1887).Tsarism.Member Narodnaya Volya (People's Will).
Attempted to assassinate Alexander III in 1887, executed.
SOL74:621.

Andropov, Yuri (-1984).Soviet.Became a full Politburo member in 1973.1
Soviet Ambassador to Budapest at the time of the Hungarian uprising (October 1956). Switched support from Imre Nagy to János Kádár.2
Became head of KGB under Leonid Brezhnev in 1966.3
Succeeded Brezhnev as General Secretary in November 1983.4
Began disarmament campaign.
Died 9 February 1984,5 succeeded by Konstantin Chernenko.
1 MEDZ86:74.
2 ISA98:136,142.
3 ISA98:263
4 ISA98:341-342.
5 MEDZ86:p136.

Antonov-Saratovsky, Vladimir Pavlovich (1884-1965).Soviet.Judge in Shakhty (1928) and Promparty (1930) trials.SOL74:621-622.

Averbakh, I. L..Soviet.Soviet jurist.
Associate of Vyshinsky.
SOL74:622.

BReferences
Bakatin, Vadim.Glasnost, Post Soviet.Regional party Apparatchik.
Head of the MVD October 1988-December 1990.
Dismissed after he refused to agree to use of force in Baltics.1
Last chief of KGB (until 1991 August Coup).
Gorbachev-style reformer who presided over breakup of KGB into separate components.
Advised during this period by Oleg Kalugin.2
Removed his son from KGB career because "I don't want him working under his father."3
Like Gorbachev, aimed to reform but retain security forces and undivided Soviet Union.
1 KNI96:29
2 KAL94:358-359.
3 KNI96:29.

Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikhailovich (1895-?).Tsarism, Soviet.Literary scholar.
Dostoyevsky expert.
Unpublished in USSR from 1930 to 1963.
SOL74:622.

Bakunin, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (1814-1876).Tsarism.Prominent early Russian Anarchist.
Critical of Marxism.
SOL74:622.

Berdyayev, Nikolai Aleksandrovich (1874-1948).Tsarism, Soviet.Philosopher.
Opposed atheism and materialism.
Expelled from Soviet Union in 1922.
SOL74:622.

Beria, Lavrenti Pavlovich (1899-1953).Soviet.See separate reference

Blok, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1880-1921).Soviet.Symbolist Poet.
Author of The Twelve.
SOL74:622.

Blücher, Marshal Vasily Konstantinovich (1890-1938).Soviet.Commander of Far East Military District 1921-1938.
Shot in purge.
SOL74:622.

Blyumkin, Yakov Grigoryevich (Jacob Blumkin) (1898-1929).Soviet.Left-SR.
Assassinated German Ambassador Mirbach in Moscow, 1919.
Later joined the Cheka and rose to high position.
Executed after assisting communication between Radek and exiled Trotsky.
SOL74, p.622.
DEU66:347.

Bonch-Bruyevich, Vladimir Dmitriyevich (1873-1955).Soviet.Bolshevik revolutionary.
Administrative officer of SovNarKom.
SOL74:622.

Budenny, Marshal Semyon Mikhailovich (1883-1938).Soviet.Commander of Bolshevik cavalry.
Civil War hero.
Commander of Southwest Front in early phase of WWII.
SOL74:622.

Bukharin, Nikolai Ivanovich (1888-1938).Soviet.Politburo candidate member (1918-1924).
Full Politburo member from 1924.
General Secretary of Comintern after 1926.
Expelled from party 1929.
Executed in 1938 after show trial.
SOL74:622-623.
Nikolai Bukharin Links
Svetlana Yezhova's Bukharin biography page. A multi-page biography by a Bukharinite Marxist. Click the links in the left column to navigate the page.
Notes on Bukharin's last meeting with Jules Humbert-Droz.
Another geocities biography of Bukharin. The author is apparently a communist.

Bulgakov, Mikhail Afanasyevich (1891-1940).Soviet.Satirist.
Generally not published in the Soviet Union.
SOL74:623.

Bulgakov, Sergei Nikolayevich (1871-1944).Soviet.Religious philosopher exiled in 1922.
Lived in Paris.
SOL74:623.

Bunin, Ivan Alekseyevich (1870-1953).Soviet.Writer
Emigrated to France 1920.
Won Nobel Prize in 1933.
SOL74:623.

Bunyachenko, Sergei K. (?-1946).Soviet.Commander of First Division of Vlasov's forces in WWII.
Executed in USSR in 1946.
SOL74:623.

Byelinsky, Vissarion Grigoryevich (1811-1848).Tsarism.(Exiled) Russian liberal literary critic.
See also Gertsin (Herzen).
SOL74:622.

CReferences
Catherine the Great (1729 - 1796)Tsarina of Russia.See separate entry

Charnovsky, N. F. (1968-?).Soviet.Soviet Economic official.
Defendant in 1930 Promparty trial.
SOL74:623.

Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich (1860-1904).A 19th Century playwright whose work expressed the 'impotent yearning' of Russian liberalism. This is known as the "Chekhov state of mind" or Chekhovskoye nastroyeniye.
In Chekhov, success (even when justified) is reviled, and defeat is portrayed as goodness.
Plays: The Seagulls, Uncle Vanya, The Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard.
Also wrote: The Peasants, Ward N 6, My Life.
MIR25:85-89.

Chernomyrdin, Viktor Stepanovich.[Entry in preparation]
Oligarch and former Prime Minister.
Ally of Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin.
Now Ambassador to the Ukraine.
Chernomyrdin Links
Chernomyrdin biography originally hosted by Neftegaz page, now archived by About.com

Chernov, Viktor Mikhailovich (1873-1952).Soviet.SR party leader.
Emigrated in 1920.
SOL74:623.

Chubar, Vlas Yakovlevich (1891-1939).Soviet.High Soviet Ukrainian official.
Shot in purges.
SOL74:623.

Chubais, Anatoly Borisovich.Post Soviet.Politician.
Principal architect of Russian privatisation.
Lee S. Wolosky, "Putin's Plutocrat Problem", FA V79#2, March/April 2000, p24.
Chubais Links
Anatoly Chubais Biography and Interviews. From United Energy Systems of Russia (UES/UESR), of which Chubais is CEO.
Chukovskaya, Lidiya Korneyevna (1907-?).SovietSoviet literary critic and writer of samizdat.SOL74:623.

DReferences
Dan, Fyodor Ilyich (Gurvich) (1871-1947).Tsarism, Civil War. Menshevik leader.
Member of the Social Democrats from 1894; joined the Mensheviks after the split.
Emigrated to Germany in 1901.
Served on the Menshevik Central Committee, and on the Central Executive Committee after the 1917 February Revolution.
A supporter of the Provisional Government and key opponent of the Bolsheviks.
Having been educated as a doctor, he returned to that profession after the 1917 October Revolution.
Exiled in 1922, eventually dying in the United States in 1947.
Soviet citizenship revoked 1923.
Editor of newspaper Golos Social Demokrata and, after his expulsion from the USSR, the magazine Novyi Put'.
SOL74:623, VRO89:73.

Denikin, Anton Ivanovich (1872-1947).Tsarism, Civil WarTsarist military leader; commanded anti-Bolshevik (White) forces in south, 1918-1920; emigrated.SOL74:623.

Donskoi, D. D. (1881-1936).Tsarism, Soviet.Right Socialist Revolutionary (SR).SOL74:623.

Dyarenko, Aleksei G..Soviet.Soviet agronomist.
Defendant in Working Peasants' Party case of 1971.
SOL74:623.

Dukhonin, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1876-1917).Tsarism.Commander in Chief of Tsarist Army.
Killed by soldiers.
SOL74:623.

Dyakov, Boris Aleksandrovich (1902-).Soviet.Author of labour-camp memoirs.SOL74:623.

Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich (1877-1926).Soviet.First chief of the secret police; the VCheka, NKVD, GPU and OGPU.
Succeeded by Menzhinsky.
SOL74:623.

EReferences
Ehrenburg, Ilya Grigoryevich (1891-1967).Soviet.A writer and journalist by profession, Ehrenburg wrote memoirs of the Stalin era.SOL74:624.

Etinger, Y. G. (?-1952).Soviet.The primary suspect in the "doctors' plot", Etinger was arrested in 1952.
Died under interrogation.
SOL74:624.



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